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All of the data in the Starcoin Blockchain is stored in a single-versioned distributed database. Proof is used to determine whether a transaction or block or state is included in the blockchain.

In a blockchain, the client does not need to trust the entity from which it is receiving data. A client could query for the state of an account, ask whether a specific transaction or a specific block was processed, and so on. As with other Merkle trees, the ledger history can provide an O(log n)-sized proof of a specific transaction object, where n is the total number of transactions processed.


  • Block Accumulator Proof
  • Transaction Accumulator Proof
  • State Proof
  • Event Proof